Wednesday, April 30, 2014
Tuesday, April 29, 2014
Note how promptly you are greeted and how long you’re asked to wait before being treated. While it’s not realistic to expect the practice to always be right on schedule, it is reasonable to expect to be told within a few minutes of your arrival whether there will be a delay.
During your visit, ask yourself these questions:
- Does the dental office present a professional atmosphere and a willingness to address your concerns?
- Is your medical history thoroughly reviewed prior to treatment or is it an afterthought? Health problems, such as high blood pressure, should be monitored at every dental appointment.
- When dental work is performed, are staff members wearing masks, gloves and appropriate eyewear?
- Are gloves disposed of between patients?
- Are all dental instruments sterilized / disposed? Are all questions regarding sterilization answered to your satisfaction?
- Is ample time given to a thorough teeth cleaning? When you have your teeth cleaned, are you given hygiene instructions or is there discussion of the areas of your mouth where more attention is required?
- Is a treatment plan presented to you? Have questions about treatment been adequately explained, doubts cleared as well as the risks, alternatives, cost and benefits?
- When and how are you expected to pay? Make sure you understand the fees, method and schedule of payment before you agree to any treatment.
- What types of dental procedures can the dentist perform? Are dental specialists, like orthodontists and oral surgeons, available at the dentist’s office? If not, will the dentist refer out to the appropriate dental specialists?
- Are special arrangements made for handling emergencies outside of office hours? Most dentists make arrangements with a colleague or emergency referral service if they are unable to tend to emergencies.
- What are their office hours and is the appointment schedule convenient for you?
It’s important to find a dentist who takes time to answer questions and responds to your needs.
Monday, April 28, 2014
A result of reduced or no saliva, dry mouth can lead to problems because saliva helps prevent tooth decay by limiting bacterial growth and washing away food particles. Saliva also enhances your ability to taste and makes it easier to swallow. In addition, enzymes in saliva aid in digestion. Patients with a persistently dry mouth may develop a burning or scalded sensation and have poor oral hygiene. They are prone to increased dental caries, periodontal disease, intolerance of dentures and oral infections, particularly candidiasis.
- Dryness in your mouth
- Saliva that seems thick and stringy
- Sores or split skin at the corners of your mouth
- Cracked lips
- Bad breath
- Difficulty speaking and swallowing
- Sore throat
- An altered sense of taste
- A fungal infection in your mouth
- Increased plaque, tooth decay and gum disease
- In women, dry mouth may result in lipstick adhering to the teeth.
- Medications: Drugs used to treat depression and anxiety, antihistamines, decongestants, high blood pressure medications, anti-diarrheals, muscle relaxants, drugs for urinary incontinence, and Parkinson's disease medications all cause dry mouth as a side effect.
- Cancer therapy: Chemotherapy drugs can change the nature of saliva and the amount produced. Radiation treatments to your head and neck can damage salivary glands, causing a marked decrease in saliva production.
- Nerve damage: An injury or surgery that causes nerve damage to your head and neck area also can result in xerostomia.
- Other conditions like Sjogren's syndrome, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, HIV/AIDS, anxiety disorders and depression.
- Tobacco use
- Frequent sips of cool drinks.
- Sucking pieces of ice.
- Sucking sugar-free fruit pastilles.
- Eating partly frozen melon or pineapple chunks.
- Sugar-free chewing gum - which stimulates salivation in patients with residual salivary function.
- Petroleum jelly - which can be applied to the lips to prevent drying and cracking.
Sunday, April 27, 2014
Saturday, April 26, 2014
I have now got this innovative new toothbrush for him to chew! Introducing the Baby QQ toothbrush. I came across this toothbrush at a Mom and Baby exhibition I attended earlier this month. It is made by a Taiwan based company called Intelligent. They claim it to be the only chewing toothbrush in the world. The toothbrush is made of a flexible silicone like material with a handle to put the finger through at one end and double sided bristles on the other. When the child bites onto the chewing surface, it cleans and massages the gums at the same time. It basically envelopes the teeth in both the upper and lower jaws while being chewed upon, cleaning at the same time while soothing.
I personally haven't used it to brush my son's teeth yet for the only reason that he at this time enjoys using it to soothe his aching gums, and I manage to brush his teeth using a regular brush while he gnaws in this one.
What is teeth whitening?
Who can perform teeth whitening?
- In Office Teeth Whitening : Professional teeth whitening in a dental office is the preferred method because even though stronger agents are applied, the rest of the mouth including the gums are protected from the bleach solutions. The best whitening systems feature a buffer in the gel that protects the tooth enamel from damage, are extremely effective, and can transform teeth in a single office visit. Your teeth can literally brighten up to 10 shades in about an hour.
- Over the counter (OTC) or Home tooth whitening systems : Commercially available tooth whitening systems have become popular, mainly because they are relatively inexpensive and easy to use. Whitening strips, whitening toothpastes and whitening gum are OTC products can can be purchased without the dentist's supervision. They are typically safe products. While OTC tooth whitening products are available, dentist supervised home teeth whitening remains the safest and most effective method for brightening your smile. The dentist makes customised mouth trays for you and gives you a kit containing the whitening solutions and the trays.
Friday, April 25, 2014
A very happy birthday to one of the most important person in my life......my mom, my best friend, my god. I am what I am today only because of you. Love you.
Because of You
- They are ideal for masking discolored fillings in front teeth.
- Patients with gaps between their front teeth or teeth that are chipped or worn may consider veneers.
- Veneers can mask undesirable defects, such as teeth stained by tetracycline and damage due to an injury or as a result of a root-canal procedure.
Thursday, April 24, 2014
An unerupted or impacted tooth is a tooth that has formed but not emerged into the mouth. Teeth that fail to erupt can damage surrounding teeth gums and supporting bone and lead to the formation of tumours and cysts that can severly disrupt the jaw. Because of this risk unerupted teeth are often extracted.
An impacted tooth remains stuck in gum tissue or bone for various reasons. It may be that the area is just overcrowded and there's no room for the teeth to emerge. For example, the jaw may be too small to fit the wisdom teeth. Teeth may also become twisted, tilted, or displaced as they try to emerge, resulting in impacted teeth.
Failure to erupt occurs most frequently among third molars also known as wisdom teeth. Third molars are last teeth to develop; thus by the time they are ready to erupt there is often no room for them in the jaw and they remain beneath the gums. Canines the four pointy teeth surrounding your front teeth and premolars the teeth between your canines and molars are also known to become impacted.
Unerupted teeth can eventually cause the following symptoms:
- Pain, Swelling and Infection in the surrounding tissues.
- Bad breath.
- Difficulty opening the mouth.
- Visible gap where the tooth did not emerge.
- Prolonged headache or jaw ache.
- Swollen lymph nodes.
No treatment may be needed if the impacted tooth is not causing any problems.
Over-the-counter pain relievers may help if the impacted tooth causes discomfort. Warm salt water (one-half teaspoon of salt in one cup of water) or over-the-counter mouthwashes may be soothing to the gums.
Removal of the tooth (extraction) is the usual treatment for an impacted tooth. This is usually done in the dentist's office, but difficult cases may require an oral surgeon. Antibiotics may be prescribed before the extraction if the tooth is infected.
Wednesday, April 23, 2014
Many babies are not affected by teething, while some babies are fussier than usual when they are teething. This is because of soreness and swelling in the gums before a tooth comes through. These symptoms usually begin 3 to 5 days before the tooth shows, and they disappear as soon as the tooth breaks the skin.
- Babies may bite on their fingers or toys to help relieve the pressure in their gums.
- They may also refuse to eat and drink because their mouths hurt.
- Many babies drool during teething, which can cause a rash on the chin, face, or chest.
- One side of the cheek may appear flushed.
- With a clean finger or cold teething ring, gently rub the baby's gum for a few minutes.
- Provide safe objects for your baby to chew on, such as teething rings.
- If needed, give your baby an over-the-counter pain reliever that is labeled for his or her specific age. Read and follow all instructions. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 20, because it has been linked to Reye syndrome, a rare but serious disease.
Tuesday, April 22, 2014
What is a dental sealant?
A dental sealant is a thin plastic film painted on the chewing surfaces of teeth to prevent cavities.Sealants stick or bond to the surfaces of teeth. Sealants do not dissolve in saliva and are safe.
The permanent molars found in the back of the mouth have the highest risk of tooth decay and benefit the most from the application of dental sealants. In most children, the first permanent molars appear about age six or seven years and the second molars about age 11 or 12 years. Children should get sealants on their permanent molars and premolars as soon as these teeth come in. In this way, the sealants can protect the teeth through the cavity-prone years of ages 6 to 14.
Who is a good candidate for sealants?
Because of the likelihood of developing decay in the depressions and grooves of the premolars and molars, children and teenagers are candidates for sealants. However, adults without decay or fillings in their molars can also benefit from sealants.
How are sealants put?
The sealant is painted onto the tooth enamel, where it bonds directly to the tooth and hardens. This plastic resin bonds into the depressions and grooves (pits and fissures) of the chewing surfaces of back teeth. The sealant acts as a barrier, protecting enamel from plaque and acids. As long as the sealant remains intact, the tooth surface will be protected from decay.
How long do sealants last?
Sealants can protect teeth from decay for up to 10 years, but they need to be checked for chipping or wearing at regular dental check-ups. Your dentist can replace sealants as necessary.
Monday, April 21, 2014
Root canal is a treatment to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth instead of removing it. The term "root canal" comes from cleaning of the canals inside a tooth's root.
A tooth's pulp tissue contains nerve fibers, arteries, veins, lymph vessels, and connective tissue. Each tooth's nerve enters the tooth at the very tip of its roots. From there, the nerve runs through the center of the root in small "root canals," which join up with the tooth's pulp chamber. Root canals are very small, thin divisions that branch off from the top pulp chamber down to the tip of the root. A tooth has at least one but no more than four root canals.
The infection is caused by bacteria that live in the mouth and invade the tooth when:
- tooth decay occurs
- fillings leak
- teeth are damaged by trauma, such as a fall.
Pain in the tooth is commonly felt when biting down, chewing on it and applying hot or cold foods and drinks.
A root canal is a procedure done to save the damaged or dead pulp in the root canal of the tooth by cleaning out the diseased pulp and reshaping the canal. The canal is filled with a rubberlike substance called gutta–percha or another material to prevent recontamination of the tooth. The tooth is then permanently sealed, with possibly a post and/or a crown made of porcelain or metal alloy. This enables patients to keep the original tooth and retain its function of chewing.
Sunday, April 20, 2014
Saturday, April 19, 2014
Street dentistry, a form of quackery, is in practice in the rural and remote places of India. These street dentists often visit villages on their bicycle with a bag consisting of some pliers, screwdrivers, dividers, self-acrylic materials, etc.For years, the Indian Government has waged an unsuccessful war against people such as 'unqualified medical practitioners' - otherwise known as quacks. Reports suggest that there are about one million unqualified providers, or 'quacks', in India. They have long been blamed for misdiagnosing and mistreating. Various factors attribute to this practice like - lack of qualified dentist in the rural areas, increase in the cost of professional dental treatments, illiteracy, lack of awareness, immediate treatment, availability, etc. Many of the quacks claim to have learnt the art of dentistry from their ancestors, but there are some quacks who are practicing dentistry after seeing a professional work in a dental clinic or who have learnt some basic procedures while working as assistants in dental office. The procedures carried out by these quacks are very undesirable, harmful, and sometimes dangerous to the patients.
Summer break calls for innovative ways to keep a toddler busy. Our weekends are usually spent at the pool followed by dinner at the club and then home. With the mercury rising, the weather in the evening is perfect to spend in the pool. And it's even more fun when both mom and dad get into the pool with baby!
Friday, April 18, 2014
Common causes of dental health problems during pregnancy can include:
Thursday, April 17, 2014
Orthodontics is a type of dentistry that aims to improve the appearance, position and function of crooked or abnormally arranged teeth. Dentists who specialise in orthodontics are known as orthodontists.
Orthodontics uses devices such as a brace to correct the position of the teeth. Your exact treatment will depend on the problems with your teeth.
Crooked teeth and teeth that do not fit together correctly are harder to keep clean, are at risk of being lost early due to tooth decay and periodontal disease, and cause extra stress on the chewing muscles that can lead to headaches, TMJ syndrome and neck, shoulder and back pain. In some cases, abnormal development of the teeth and jaw can affect the shape of the face, which could cause psychological and emotional problems, such as lack of self-confidence.
The benefits of orthodontic treatment include a healthier mouth, a more pleasing appearance, and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime.
Many different types of appliances, both fixed and removable, are used to help move teeth, retrain muscles and affect the growth of the jaws. These appliances work by placing gentle pressure on the teeth and jaws. Braces and aligners are the appliances orthodontists most commonly use to guide your teeth into their proper positions. Retainers preserve and stabilize the results of your orthodontic treatment.
In the past, orthodontic treatment was associated with children and teens, but today many adults seek orthodontic treatment to correct long-standing problems, or problems that stem from maturational changes. Orthodontists can help people of any age achieve a healthy and beautiful smile.
Wednesday, April 16, 2014
Nitrous Oxide is a non-allergenic, non-irritating gas that affects the central nervous system. It's one of the safest forms of sedation available and patients who have used it report very few, if any, side effects. The nitrous oxide takes effect within 3-5 minutes. Following treatment the effects of this gas are completely reversed within 3-5 minutes, simply by breathing normally.
- Nitrous Oxide can make you feel more comfortable during your appointment. You remain conscious and are fully aware during treatment.
- The depth of sedation can be varied throughout your treatment as required.
- Your gag reflex and flow of saliva are somewhat decreased.
- Nitrous Oxide can reduce the discomfort or anxiety associated with an injection of local anesthesia; in some cases (particularly with small children) it takes the place of an injection altogether.
- Most importantly, it helps to eliminate fear and reduces anxiety by helping you relax.
Who can have Nitrous Oxide?
Patients ranging from the very young to the elderly have been safely treated with nitrous oxide and oxygen sedation. There are practically no side effects associated with nitrous oxide use.
Who is not a good candidate for nitrous oxide and oxygen sedation?
Women in their first trimester of pregnancy are not good candidates for nitrous oxide and oxygen sedation. Patients with emphysema or those who have recently undergone ear surgery should also avoid nitrous. Occasionally, however, asthmatic patients or those suffering from severe bronchitis or other known lung disorders may elect not to use it.
How does Nitrous Oxide make you feel?
- tingling of your hands and feet
- numbness in your legs
- numbness of your hands, feet, tongue and other soft tissues of your mouth
- a ringing sensation or droning sound; your hearing may become distant but more distinct
- feelings of euphoria
- feelings of heaviness or lightness in your extremities
You should not experience giddiness, fall asleep, or become nauseous. If any of these symptoms occur while breathing nitrous oxide, immediately inform the doctor.
While rare, side effects have been linked to the use of nitrous oxide and oxygen sedation. These most often include nausea and vomiting, and result because too much nitrous oxide has been used. Several studies confirm the lack of side effects for children-- fewer than 1 percent were reported, and most were symptoms of nausea and vomiting. Side effects are quickly reversed with the elimination of nitrous and the addition of pure oxygen gas.
Nitrous Oxide is a safe, reversible adjunct to help you relax during treatment. You remain conscious and "in control" throughout the procedure. Simply relax and breathe deeply through your nose. It's just that easy.
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